Each player tries to be Caesar and then works to prove he is indeed Caesar by collecting fame points. The challenge is to intelligently allocate your eight rolled dice among the five buildings to acquire the fame you need to win the game. Clever Caesar would use these resources to conquer new provinces and assign suitable patricians to them, adding to his already enormous fame. Can you do the same? You will also need to show diplomacy in the senate and maybe visit the temple for some luck from Fortuna to win.
Although dice-rolling is luck-based, the options offered here go well beyond luck. You cannot control (well, sometimes you can, actually) the dice you get, but clever allocation of “bad” dice rolls can yield good results. When the dice allocation is done, the buildings are scored and another set begins.
At game end, the player with the most fame points.